OHS In Context 


The whole point of this effort is give organisations the best chance of making informed decisions as to where to go. We are talking about facilitated evolution, as opposed to the more common random evolution which is evolution primarily in response to environmental conditions (market conditions, hype and marketing by vendors, guidance by consultants AND prevailing paradigms etc.) at the time.

To understand Doug's perspective, we will look at how organisations carry out their work today (their Capability Infrastructures), how they improve (ABC levels of activity) in support of boosting Collective IQ and then we will look at the CODIAK process which is supported by DKRs created by the OHS tool system.

But remember, the main point is simply: We need to facilitate evolution so that we can gain some control and we need to work together on this.


Capability Infrastructure
Any high-level capability needed by an organization rests atop a broad and deep capability infrastructure, comprised of many layers of composite capabilities, each depending upon the integration of lower-level capabilities.

The whole capability infrastructure rests on the two main systems: the Human System (language, paradigms, procedures etc.) and the Tool System (comprising media as well - in other words, all artifacts).

Underpinning the Human System & the Tool System are the individual basic human capabilities (sensory, perceptual, mental & motor) which are affected by skills, knowledge and training as well as attitudes, spirit beliefs etc.

In pursuit of higher organizational performance this infrastructure is the obvious focus of attention. It is a matter of establishing system and goal perspectives to determine how much of this infrastructure to include as serious candidates for change, and how radical a change to contemplate. In other words, this is the map where we can look to see where we need to improve and what improvements can provide the best payoff. As evolution proceeds, there will necessarily be changes all through this system, including regions not contemplated today.


ABC levels of activity
For our purposes here it is useful to view organizations as having three levels of activity: A, B & C.
A level activity is the primary business activity, such as sending emails, holding meetings and using the phone.
B level is improving the A level, through getting a better email system or implementing more efficient business practices.
C level is improving B. In other words, improving how we improve. This is what already happens when professionals get together in professional organizations and organize conferences and so on together in what may be termed Improvement Communities, or IC's. Networked Improvement Communities are referred to as NIC's and when the Networked Improvement Communities get together we get Meta-NIC's.


Collective IQ
The Collective IQ of an organization is a term used to see how well an organization is perceptive to its environment, to see new threats and opportunities and how well it reacts to them as they arise and hopefully pre-empts the threats and prepares for the opportunity. It's about how quickly and effectively they can make a plan, marshal resources, change direction and how sensitive they are to the needs for change.

The capabilities we are focusing on are those which are in aid of boosting the Collective IQ of organizations. These capabilities include accessing information, communicating and so forth, areas which today are considered to be in the domain of knowledge management.


CODIAK (The COncurrent Development, Integration and Application of Knowledge)
A continuous knowledge process dynamically evolving a knowledge base (DKR).


DKR (Dynamic Knowledge Repository)
DKR captures the development, integration and application of knowledge. DKR is a combination librarian, encyclopedia, dictionary and handbooks etc. It's assumed to be an online repository of dialogue, external intelligence and knowledge product in support of the CODIAK process.

The DKRs will be consisting of three primary knowledge domains; intelligence, dialogue records, and knowledge products:

Intelligence Collection: An alert project group, always keeps a watchful eye on its external environment, actively surveying, ingesting, and interacting with it. The resulting intelligence is integrated with other project knowledge on an ongoing basis to identify problems, needs, and opportunities which might require attention or action.

Dialogue Records: Responding effectively to needs and opportunities involves a high degree of co-ordination and dialogue within and across project groups. This dialogue , along with resulting decisions, is integrated with other project knowledge on a continuing basis.

Knowledge Product: The resulting plans provide a comprehensive picture of the project at hand, including proposals, specifications, descriptions, work breakdown structures, milestones, time lines, staffing, facility requirements, budgets, and so on. These documents, which are iteratively and collaboratively developed, represent the knowledge products of the project team, and constitute both the current project status and a roadmap for implementation and deployment. The CODIAK process is not a one-shot effort, lessons learned, as well as intelligence and dialogue, must be constantly analyzed, digested, and integrated into the knowledge products throughout the life cycle of the project.


OHS (Open Hyperdocument System)
OHS is essentially the tool system by which you build the DKR. More precisely, OHS is a standards-based, open source framework for developing collaborative, knowledge management applications. Its primary objective is to support the creation, organization, and maintenance of DKRs.


The HyperScope is an enhanced Web browser and the first part of the OHS which is likely to be realized. It will will exist initially purely as a server based intermediary and as it develops it will likely include browser plug-ins and ultimately be completely free-standing. Enhancements the HyperScope will provide will include paragraph level addressability (allowing users to refer to specific paragraphs, not just whole pages in their links) and ViewSpecs which will let the user dictate how the document is to be displayed; in outline form etc.


Gradual Adoption
OHS will be introduced gradually, an organization will not have to stop using it's current systems to take advantage of the benefits of OHS. OHS will initially be accessed by the end user through a regular Web based interface with further functionality being delivered by plug-ins as they are developed and ultimately, by new front end software. At no point will legacy data become inaccessible.